Ethical Concerns and Risk Perceptions Associated with the Application of Genetic Engineering
Genetics and ethics have had numerous convergences and divergences over time. One major area where genetics and ethics have connection is the application of genetic engineering research. Genetic engineering has increased significantly in recent years. The advocates of this biotechnology portrayed it as a major scientific and technological revolution in the contemporary world. Howbeit, the application of genetic engineering brings with it ethical issues. Therefore, this study examines the ethical concerns and risk perceptions associated with the application of genetic engineering with a view to ascertain the dangers and usefulness of this biotechnological advancement to the wellbeing of humanity. Data for this study was generated through secondary sources and subjected to historical, critical, content and constructive analyses. The research discovered that genetic engineering have some major problems relating to technical complexity and ethical dilemma that call for public concerns. The paper maintains that despite the aforementioned problems, there are indications that genetic engineering has the potential to improve the quality of life. Howbeit, the application of genetic engineering must be seriously guided by laws and standard ethical systems so that man will not be a victim of his own creations. Therefore, biotechnologists, medical scientists, Legal experts, social and religious ethicists and other relevant stakeholders need to engage in sincere, fruitful and meaningful dialogue to resolve the pending, technical, legal and ethical dilemma inherent in the application of genetic engineering in order to advance the moral and scientific wellbeing of humanity.
Keywords: Genetics, Ethics, Genetic Engineering, Ethical Concerns, Moral and scientific wellbeing